• ½ kg mutton 1 tablespoon juice of raw papaya (optional to tenderize the meat) 3 large onions finely chopped 3 large tomatoes blanched and pureed 1 cup curd (unsweetened yoghurt) kesar (saffron)strands dissolved in 1 tablespoon hot milk 10-12 badam (almonds) soaked overnight and then blanched, skinned and ground to a paste 2 tablespoons ghee (unsalted butter) Salt to taste Grind the following to a fine paste:- 10 flakes garlic 1 inch ginger 1 inch tikhi (cinnamon) 8 black pepper corns 4 big elaichi (cardamom) 2 teaspoons saunf/ badishep (aniseed) 1 tablespoon dhaniya ( coriander) seeds 1 teaspoon turmeric powder ½ jaiphal (nutmeg) 8 kashmiri chillies (red peppers that give more colour than heat) soak for half hour For Tempering/ tadka/ chounk/ fodni/ fonna:- 2 tamalpatra (bay leaves) ½ teaspoon shajeera 3 green elaichi (cardamoms) 1 teaspoon sugar

This recipe originated from Kashmir and I modified it as per my kids liking. The speciality of this dish is the sweet tasting spices which give it a different flavor from any other mutton preparations. I have tried to leave this aspect untouched. Rogan Josh tastes different depending upon the many variations of the original recipe, and this one is my version.



  1. Marinate the mutton with salt, turmeric powder, raw papaya juice for 2-3 hours. Now cook with not more than 1 cup water in a pressure cooker till done (about 10-15 mins or 2 whistles for goat meat mutton). The preparation is to be maintained at a thick consistency hence extra water is to be avoided.
  2. Grind to a fine paste the masalas as shown in the ingredient list.
  3. Heat the ghee/ butter, add shahjeera, tamalpatra and the elaichi.
  4. Add the chopped onions with a pinch of salt and fry well till brown.
  5. To this add sugar and caramelize it. Add the ground masala paste and fry well till the oil separates and the masalas give an aroma.
  6. Add the tomato puree and curd and stir well.
  7. Now add the blanched almond paste and the cooked mutton to this.
  8. Add salt to taste and finally add saffron dissolved in milk.


Mutton Rogan Josh